Editorial Reviews. From Publishers Weekly. This masterpiece of European modernism was first site Store · site eBooks · Literature & Fiction. Ferdydurke by Witold Gombrowicz; 16 editions; First published in ; Subjects: Translations into Czech, In library, Polish fiction, Protected DAISY. Witold Marian Gombrowicz (August 4, – July 24, ) was a Polish writer. In he published his first novel, Ferdydurke, which presented many of his.
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Title details for Ferdydurke by Witold Gombrowicz - Available In this bitterly funny novel by the renowned Polish author Witold Gombrowicz, a writer finds. In this bitterly funny novel a writer finds himself tossed into a chaotic world of schoolboys by a diabolical professor who wishes to reduce him to childishness. In this bitterly funny novel by the renowned Polish author Witold Gombrowicz, a writer finds himself tossed into a chaotic world of schoolboys by.
His dramas were staged in many theatres all around the world, especially in France, Germany and Sweden. Having received a scholarship from the Ford Foundation, Gombrowicz returned to Europe in He stayed for a year in West Berlin, where he endured a slanderous campaign organised by the Polish communist authorities.
His health had deteriorated during this stay and he was not able to go back to Argentina. Gombrowicz came back to France in He spent three months in Royaumont abbey near Paris, where he met Rita Labrosse, a Canadian from Montreal who studied contemporary literature. He spent the rest of his life in Vence , near Nice. There he enjoyed the fame which culminated in May with the Prix International.
However, Gombrowicz's health prevented him from thoroughly benefiting from this late renown. On December 28, , Gombrowicz married Rita Labrosse.
Gombrowicz's health worsened in spring ; he became bedbound and was unable to write anymore. On the initiative of his friend Dominique de Roux , who hoped to cheer him up, he gave a series of thirteen lectures about the history of philosophy to de Roux and Rita, ironically titled "Guide to Philosophy in Six Hours and Fifteen Minutes", transcribed by de Roux. The lectures started with Kant and ended with existentialism.
The series ended before Gombrowicz could deliver the planned last part, interrupted by his death on July 24, Gombrowicz wrote in Polish, but did not allow his works to be published in Poland until the authorities lifted the ban on the unabridged version of Dziennik , his diary.
In it, he described the Polish authorities' attacks on him, and because he refused publication in Poland he remained largely unknown to the general reading public until the first half of the s.
The writing of Gombrowicz contains links with existentialism and with structuralism. Gombrowicz's work is also well known for its playful allusions and satire, as when in "Trans-Atlantic", a section of the text takes the form of a stylised 19th century diary, followed by a parody of a traditional fable. As Gombrowicz stated, " Ferdydurke was published in before Sartre formulated his theory of the regard d'autrui.
But it is owing to the popularization of Sartrean concepts that this aspect of my book has been better understood and assimilated. The language of the writer includes frequent neologisms.
Moreover, he created 'keywords' which shed their symbolic light on the sense covered under the ironic form e. In Ferdydurke his first novel, published in autumn , the date on the cover discusses form as a universal category which was understood both in the philosophical, sociological, and aesthetic sense. Furthermore, this form is a means of enslavement of the individual by other people and society as a whole. Ferdydurke can be read as a satire on various Polish communities: Therefore, the satire of Gombrowicz presents the human being either as a member of a society or an individual who struggles with himself and the world.
Stage adaptations of Ferdydurke and other works of Gombrowicz were presented by many theatres, especially prior to , before the first 9 volumes of his works were published. It was the only official way of gaining access to the works of the writer.
He also critically undertook the theme of the romantic theatre Z. In the novel Trans-Atlantyk Gombrowicz juxtaposes the traditional vision of a human that serves the values of the new vision, according to which an individual frees oneself of this service and basically fulfills oneself.
The representative of such a model of humanity is the eccentric millionaire-homosexual Gonzalo. The novel Pornografia shows Poland in times of war when the eternal order and the whole system of traditional culture, based on the faith in God, collapsed. In its place a new drastic reality appears, where the elderly and the young cooperate with each other in order to realise their cruel fascinations streaked with eroticism. Kosmos is the most complex and ambiguous work of Gombrowicz.
In this text the author portrayed how human beings create a vision of the world sense, what forces, symbolic order and passion take part in this process and how the novel form organises itself in the process of creating sense. Operetka is the last play of Gombrowicz and it uses an operetta form in order to present the changes of the world in the 20th century in a grotesque way, that is the transition to totalitarianism.
At the same time, the author expresses a tentative faith in rebirth through youth. According to many scholars the most outstanding work of Gombrowicz is Dziennik Diaries , which was published in serial form in Kultura in — At the same time, the author is able to write about the most important topics in the form of an ostensibly casual anecdote and to use the whole range of literary devices. Two novels by Gombrowicz were adapted for film: Gombrowicz's works are characterised by deep psychological analysis, a certain sense of paradox and an absurd, anti-nationalist flavor.
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In he published his first novel, Ferdydurke , which presents many themes explored in his further writings: Ferdydurke provoked sharp critical reactions and immediately divided Gombrowicz's audience into rival camps of worshipers and sworn enemies. In his work, Gombrowicz struggled with Polish traditions and the country's difficult history. This battle was the starting point for his stories, which were deeply rooted in this tradition and history.
Gombrowicz is remembered by scholars and admirers as a writer and a man unwilling to sacrifice his imagination or his originality for any price, person, god, society, or doctrine. Gombrowicz's novels and plays have been translated into 35 languages. Documentary filmmaker Nicolas Philibert made a documentary set in the radical French psychiatric clinic La Borde entitled Every Little Thing French La Moindre des choses ; released in , the film follows the patients and staff as they stage their production of Gombrowicz's Operette.
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Paperback Verified download. A vivid dream-like hallucination into immaturity; a frontal attack to modernity and the stagnation that can be born out of it, Ferdydurke deals with the novel's and life's dilemma: To what extent do we do what we do freely?
The chaotic, nightmarish progression of the main character leads the reader into the contradictions of class and ideologies -on the one hand- and the paradox of free will. In Ferdydurke Gombrowicz takes a step further into what Kafka had done before.
If the border of verosimilitude had been freed from any observer, with the Polish writer the reader enters this realm. Dense and difficult but really good. Read Gombrowicz's "Diary. As to "Ferdydurke," it suffers from the same malady as "Candide," its avowed inspiration: In Swift's case, I think his passion comes through and carries "Travels" to another level By that token, many of Gombrowicz's targets are relics of the past e.
European literature, but while its innovative form engages the intellect it doesn't go beyond to plumb any depths of human experience. I would submit there is simply not enough of Gombrowicz in this effort, or a too-young edition of the man.
Great works of literature have always happily immersed me beyond my intellectual grasp, either to present me with a situation with too many parts to rationally connect or with an author too complex to safely encapsulate.
And at the same time resonate with my own experience of the world. It could be that "Trans-Atlantik" accomplishes this; the "Diary" certainly does; but "Ferdydurke"--in spite of Sontag calling it a "masterpiece" and "wonderful" in her introduction--does not. That said, there is an analysis here of master-servant relations that made me very happy I'd read the book. Never mind the enforced goofiness and satirical extravagances throughout, there is a description in the second half of the book of relations between country squires and servants, between the traditional two classes, as nuanced and observant and analytically sound absolutely convincing in its psychological penetration as could be imagined.
Nobody had brought it home to me before as effectively as Gombrowicz. The examination here is subtle enough as almost to throw his deft satire out of whack, as if he needed a bigger canvas with fewer self-imposed stylistic restrictions.
The "Diary" was later to provide just such a canvas.
Parenthetically, Gombrowicz himself would find it amusing that negative reviews here and elsewhere on site, no matter how detailed and nuanced, always garner fewer numbers of "helpful" votes than the ecstatic ones "8 of 29 people found the following review helpful".
Expectant readers want to have their hopes justified. Thus are greased the wheels of literary commerce. See all 25 reviews. site Giveaway allows you to run promotional giveaways in order to create buzz, reward your audience, and attract new followers and customers. Learn more about site Giveaway. This item: Set up a giveaway. What other items do customers download after viewing this item? Cosmos site Edition. Customers who viewed this item also viewed.
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