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This file may not be in the public domain outside India. The creator and year of publication are essential information and must be provided. गोदान, प्रेमचन्द का अंतिम और सबसे महत्वपूर्ण उपन्यास माना जाता है। कुछ लोग इसे उनकी सर्वोत्तम कृति भी मानते हैं।. Premchand's novel Godan. You need Google Play Books for opening EPUB file on your mobile. Download Free PDF Download Free EPUB for mobile.
Dattadin is the village Brahmin priest and a greedy moneylender. It is ironic that this man with low standards goes about the village policing the wrongs of the other villagers. He penalizes Hori for accepting and sheltering a low caste girl, Jhunia, as their daughter-in-law. He is a hypocrite and is blind to the fact that his own son Mataddin is having an affair with Seliya, a cobbler's daughter.
He invites pundits from Varanasi to perform the purifying rituals of his defiled son so that he is brought into the mainstream of Brahmanism. He does not pity Hori's poverty, rather takes advantage of his goodness and exploits him. Matadin is the son of the Brahmin priest Datadin. He is young and has an affair with Seliya, a low caste woman who works on the farm for him. The villagers know about it. Seliya does not have entrance to his house. Her parents and relatives hopefully wait for her to be accepted by him.
Finally, they decide to punish him and beat him and put a piece of bone into his mouth—a taboo for the Brahmins. Seliya comes to his help and saves him.
Matadin becomes an outcast in his own house. His father performs purifying rituals to bring him back to the mainstream of Brahmanism. He spends a lot of money on the rituals and pundits from Kashi are called in. Matadin's malarial fever which had taken him to death's door has made him realize his mistake in exploiting Selia. When Matadin comes to know that he has a son from Seliya, he longs to see the child and goes on sly in her absence.
He is repentant and sends her two rupees through Hori. He realises that he is bound by duty to Seliya and his son. He removes his holy thread and thus liberates himself from the shackles of Brahmanism.
Now, he is free to live courageously with Seliya as his wife. Bhola is a cowherd of the neighbouring village. He is a widower and has two married sons and a young widowed daughter, Jhunia. Bhola agrees to give Hori a cow on loan and in turn Hori promises to find a companion for him to remarry.
Godan by Munshi Premchand in Hindi Novels PDF
Bhola is very upset when his daughter elopes with Hori's son Gobar. He comes to Hori's house on vengeance and claims money for the dead cow. Hori does not have Rs.
Bhola threatens to take his oxen away, that would reduce Hori to a labourer. When Hori pleads with him, Bhola suggests that they should throw Jhunia, their daughter-in-law, and his own daughter out of the house as she had hurt his feelings.
This is not acceptable to Dhania, Hori's wife. It is unbelievable that being Jhunia's father, instead of being contended that Hori and his wife have accepted this girl who became pregnant without her marriage being sanctified, he would like to see her sent away with her infant. He heartlessly takes away Hori's oxen and renders him totally helpless.
The urban society is represented by Malati Devi doctor , Mr. Mehta lecturer and philosopher , Mr.
Mirza social worker. Rai Sahib has won the local elections twice. He wanted to marry his daughter off to a rich zamindar to again win in the election and claim the property of his in-laws. Thus, he married his daughter off to another rich, widower and rake zamindar.
He claimed and won the zamindari of his in-laws. He won the election and became the municipal minister. But when he planned to get his son married to the daughter of Raja Suryankant for his family's prestige, his son refused that. He is in love with Saroj, the younger sister of Malati Devi. They both married and went away to London. His son claimed and won the entire property Rai Sahib won from in-laws leaving Rai Sahib in huge debt.
His daughter got divorced. This eventually left Rai Sahib too dissatisfied despite all his efforts. Malati is a beautiful lady intelligent doctor who is educated in Europe.
She is one of the three daughters of Mr. She is the centre of attraction in the parties and is flirtatious. Khanna flirts with her and she is envied and disliked by Govindi. Malati in turn falls in love with Mr. Mehta because of his ideology, his simplicity and intelligence.
On a trip to the village of Hori, she explores herself. She starts serving the poor and gets involved in many social activities.
After seeing the change in Malati, Mr. Mehta falls in love with Malati. But though Malati loves Mr. Mehta, she refuses his marriage proposal. Every peep was reminiscent of that hinge that had been throbbing in pain; had lost all, and was yet clinging to the door in the hope that its pain would subside some day, one day One day, he sees a milkman coming toward him with exactly the kind of cow he wants, but he has to hold his horses as he cannot afford it.
The story really starts off as at least two distinct life-threads, but through introduction of various characters, meshes into a single, interconnected story which still manages to portray the life of various characters quite well. His narration of the children taking out the Idi from their pockets and counting it again and again and comparing with each other of how much Idi the other has received takes the things as close as they could be!
The novel, though known, was based on the romances and adventures of medieval patriarchs. Views Read Edit View history. Hori is shown as a typical poor peasant who is the victim of circumstances and possess all the deficiencies of common man but despite all this, he stands by his honesty, duties and judgement when time requires.
A Monalisa in prose form. Each character is introduced, and developed beautifully. No words of mine can describe the greatness of this novel. Wherever there is oppression, there are bound to be sentinels of the lower class positioning themselves as the gaolers and the upper class, as the go-between for all forms of slavery.
And Premchand is sure a wise philosopher. The yet so demanded peace which Hori did not attain even at his death bed was another phase of the story which leaves the reader at yet another awe. You feel the pain of characters, you enjoy with them, in short you feel what they feel. No Problem Ask this as a question.
Premchand's nationalism and high morals are depicted in all his descriptions. Hori is in huge debt from local money lenders and eventually married off his daughter Rupa for mere rupees to save his ancestral land from being auctioned because of his inability to pay land tax. In this novel of epic proportion set in pre-Independence India, Premchand treads the tricky ground of tensions between the rulers and the ruled.
What are the thoughts of a rural woman when she sees her urban counterpart with all her independence?
My friend gave it to me and hence i started reading. Premchand wrote a bald, simple, factual prose. Become a premium memeber. I simply couldn't do justice by writing anything about this book.
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During the India-Pakistan partition, the author was mistakenly claimed as their own child by another family. There are, of course, Hori's own relatives and fellow villagers: The isolation of the upper class from the suffering of the lower ones does not mean that they have it easy either.
Like Newton's first law The only reason other characters dont call him on it is that Premchand must himself believe in it, so I dare say Mr. Godan takes you to a very different world and yet, you feel that its characters are scattered around in your own life.
गोदान – प्रेमचंद | Godan Hindi Book PDF Free Download
The peasant and rural society is represented by the family of Hori Mahato and his family members which includes Dhania wife , Rupa and Sona daughters , Gobar son , Jhunia daughter-in-law.
As Namvar Singh put it, the genre does not help with the aim of revealing the insides of the nations Other-ed by their colonizers. Hori is a poor farmer, who has 3 acres of farmland, which he and his 2 daughters, a son and wife till. In real life, they don't. Godan is a story of various people from different backgrounds and of different personalities. Have a query?
Let us call you for FREE Realism is not dull, if the writer has an eye for cutting right to the soul of things. During this period, his works dealt with the social issues such as poverty, zamindari exploitation Premashram , , dowry system Nirmala , , educational reform and political oppression Karmabhumi , The recurring theme here is hopelessness.
And please don't read it in any language other than Hindi. It shows how the life of these characters takes shape. The act of donating a cow in charity , or Godaan , is considered to be an important Hindu ritual, as it helps in absolving one of sin, and incurring divine blessings.
He downloadd, on debt of Rs. The main character here, a Mr. You can only turn into a die-hard fan of Premchand Ji. Three selections of Premchand's short stories are also available in English: His language is neither the elegant Urdu not the high-flown Hindi. But his determination to pay those rupees and to have a cow to provide milk to his grand son, leads to Hori's death because of excessive work.
Godan, generally considered Premchand's masterpiece, is a story of peasant India. Godan while not being able to precisely depict what happens now a days, present a picture everybody in society can relate to, which makes it very relevant.
Paperback , pages. I wanted to read a Premchand for a long time. Premchand is best when he writes about the village life. View all 4 comments. All in all a heavy read. Godaan - literally, the donation of a cow - seems, when this landmark novel of Premchand's first begins, an event unlikely to happen, because the story starts with a poor farmer's desire to somehow download a cow.
Books with missing cover Articles containing Hindi-language text. Munshi premchand is really a maestro in writing. There is the all- pervading and preposterous usurious exploitation by shylocks; their exploitative methods result in extracting the last paisa from the farmer, Wow! He was a greatest ruler of all times. Kailash Chandra Sharma Dr. Download Charak Samhita in hindi pdf. Roadarmel is now considered "a classic in itself".
The novels based on the story of three men , who are traveling in a boat. Enjoy reading of Godan by Munshi Premchand in Hindi. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published.
It means differently to each character. Download free ebook hindi pdf Ram Raksha Stotra. Notify me of new posts by email.
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Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Themed around the socio economic deprivation as well as the exploitation of the village poor, the novel was the last complete novel of Premchand.
This is the reason why anyone can understand them easily. Anonymous 3 September at Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet.Anonymous 3 September at See Wikipedia:Public domain and Wikipedia:Copyrights for more details. Godaan shows well why Premchand is so highly esteemed in Hindi literature: Malati Devi is the only character shown as contended at the end of the novel because of her commitment to charitable deeds.
Godan takes you to a very different world and yet, you feel that its characters are scattered around in your own life. Godan while not being able to precisely depict what happens now a days, present a picture everybody in society can relate to, which makes it very relevant.
The yet so demanded peace which Hori did not attain even at his death bed was another phase of the story which leaves the reader at yet another awe.
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